external image Figure1-WorldAtlas-large.jpg

Read 636-643 -take notes to Identify major changes and conituities of the upcoming unit

Triggers for Change

MI: The world of European dominance began to come crashing with World War One, and the destruction came to accelerated.
  • A worldwide depression and then World War Two, causes of many problems and political crisis.
  • Even Western military was shaken and many the small nations damages.
  • The cold war’s existence is what shaped the economic policy framework
  • United Stated emerged as a sole superpower.
  • New methods of transportations, and communication provided a way for another stage for people to move, goods, and ideas worldwide.
  • Radio, satellite, and the internet reduced the large world, in addition to destructive weaponry and warfare grew which became possible to kill more people more rapidly than ever before such as genocide.
  • Very large population growth, new public health measures, improvement in food supply, and decline in birth rate because of industrial growth.

The big changes
MI: Revolutions, and decolonization in many nations created necessity for political changes.
  • The 20th century would toss up many new ideas such as democracy, totalitarian government, communism or new forms of authoritarianism.
  • Few regions such as Japan and Pacific Rim who joined The U.S and Western Europe as advanced industrial societies.
  • Oil producing states took advantage of new global resources.
  • China became a global manufacturing engine, Brazil became as fourth largest computer exporter.
  • Nationalism won many supporters; Marxism was a persuasive belief system for many people.
  • Cold war brought competition between Marxism and consumerism.
  • Gender movement toward increase in education, legal rights and political voice for women.
  • Declining birth rates, as men took more profitable jobs.
  • Nazis and authoritarian Japan as did China, soviets as well as U.S had been globalized. Russia after 1985.
  • Human rights to the environment to labor changes.
  • Population growth encouraged immigration people from Africa, Asia, and Latin America that encouraging cultural contact.
  • Government cares full as a result of chemical disasters and air pollutions, more political capacity for more implication of new policies.
  • European dominance and colonization changed political order

Continuity
MI: In the 20th century, many people were convinced that changes were more existents, while the things that stay the same is almost non-existent.
  • While a number of regions were being industrialized, others continued to focus on low cost production of raw materials and foods.
  • Industrial countries intensified their control over most African exports.
  • India, for example, a rural region that maintained older economic and social forms.
  • Ongoing limitations, for example the 30% people having access to Internet.
  • Gaps and economic inequalities worsened.
  • Gender problems like Africa girls’ status that is very low.
  • People had tried to combine change with older tradition like India of Kerala leaders attempted to organize beauty contest would be best command language and culture.
  • Globalization for example globalization in which Macdonald rose to give options for each heritage.
  • China still was committed to emphasize on order and conformity. Leadership of the Russia kingdom continued to be under tsar rule.
  • Aristocracy has misplaced with the rise of industry

Emotions and Behaviors
MI: Many emotions and behaviors reflected individual personality or a particular culture.
  • Mediterranean people had maintained the tradition of angry and jealousy
  • Tahitians continued to be the slowest for getting mad.
  • Civil rights leaders in U.S wrote childrearing manuals to show other racial parents how to install new ideas into their children.
  • Lowering birth rates, attachments to their children grew.
  • Training for cheerful emotions in work positions such as Macdonald.
  • Learning of global behavior rules with more people moving around the world.

Societies and Trends
MI: Major development between two world wars including the rise of Anticolonialism.
  • Dramatic changes in Russia, Germany and Italy because of global impact of depression.
  • A description of World War I and end of European order
  • Changes between the west society in Europe and east during the Cold war.
  • Postwar developments and transitions hold pride, global contact, and larger themes of the new period.

Analyze the three maps on page 637. What can they tell us about this stage of world history - explain in detail
Drastic changes in diplomatic dominion change of major decolonization and imperialism. Growing independence of changes.

638-639 look at the time-line - what events do you already know?
WWI, Russian revolution, Stalin head of communist party, Nazi rise, WWII, Holocaust, formation of United Nations, division of Korea, Cold war, civil rights movements.

Read 647-649 outline the causes of the First World War
Introduction
MI: The First World War “The Great War” was one of several key turning points of the twentieth century.
  • A combination of imperialism, arms races, industrial might, and nationalism pushed the Great Powers of Europe into a regional conflict that quickly exploded into a global war of unprecedented devastation.
  • Among the many results were a loss of global power for Europe, the rise of the United States and Japan, Bolshevism in Russia, increased nationalism among European colonies around the world, and political and social power shifts in several nations.

The Coming of the Great War
By 1914, diplomatic tensions, colonial rivalries, and arms races among the Great Powers of Europe, England, France, Germany, and Russia, led to the creation of two opposing groups, each dedicated to large scale conflict the other.
Hostile Alliances and Armaments Races
Fear of Germany’s growing power drove Russia, England, and France into an alliance, the Triple Entente.
  • German Kaiser Wilhelm II formed the Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary and Italy. France was hoping that through alliance with Russia they would lead to a two front war that would brake German's rising superiority and regain its lost territory, so Britain joined them to form a triple Entente.
  • Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy formed another alliance, but because of Italy's dislike to Austro Hungary they refused to support Germany in 1925 and entered in the side of the triple Entente.
  • These two rival groups moved for advantages globally through their colonial holdings, as well as regionally through building arms and nationalism in each of their colonial possession.
  • France moved to annex Morocco to its northern African colonies, of Algeria and Algeria creating conflict with Germany over Morocco in 1911.
  • Idea of Jingoism (a warlike nationalistic sentiments that spread widely among the middle class throughout Europe.
  • The Balkans were eager to keep away their rivals from advancing in their country.
  • Also Germany's decision to build a navy threatened Britain superiority over the world.
  • Warships such as Dreadnought battleships launched in 1906, German built in response army buildups marked the start in German side.
  • Russia faced labor unrest, strikes and labor unions because it was on its process for industrialization
  • However, these diplomatic and military competitions combined with social unrest especially labor at home to produce a tense atmosphere among the Great Powers by 1914.

The Outbreak of War
MI: The focal point of political tensions in Europe in 1914 resided in the Balkans, where internal and external forces of nationalism triggered a crucial event in starting World War I.

  • Complex devisions and rivalries of the Balkans area mirrored the growing crisis. July 1914 a Serbian nationalist guy.
  • The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife Sarajeva, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, then the Austro Hunagary drew up a list that was impossible for the serbs to accept without surrendering their nation's independence, so they were determined to put an end to Siberia challenges in the control of Balkans.
  • Russia then vowed to support the Slavic people in Serbia and the alliance system had began, mobilization and an outbreak of the war had started.
  • Germans seek to defeat France before turning backward and Russians in east. Once the German armies moved and an invasion on Belgium onto France lead to alliance system to be on a large war and when Britain got involved the war became a global one. And their ally Japan jumped in too.
  • Their rule over Canada, New Zealand, Australia and imperialistic possessions in India and Africa all joined.
  • A series of military and diplomatic moves by Europe’s two principal alliances led to mobilization of their armies.
  • Quickly, war developed on two fronts in Europe, with Germany its nexus.


Balkans.jpg

3. Copy the image above into your wiki and complete a brief "I See/It Means" below it.
I see
It means
I see a large pot marked as “Balkan Troubles”
Boiling point


I see soldeirs that are very scared and hid on top of the pot, trying to stopt the pot from openning


I also see smog and a lot of the smole in the backgroud
It means that the National problem with the Balcans is building up


It seems like the fighting is becoming too large for them to handel, and the so the boiling point is growing to an intense phase, waiting for help
it resembled that the war is starting, and the cruelty of it. Giving away to a European war
can't contain it.
4. Read the 14 Points points by Woodrow Wilson found here: http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/President_Wilson%27s_Fourteen_Points

5. Answer the following questions in your wiki - Start at "It will be our wish..." (10th paragraph)

  • How does the introduction relate to the causes of WWI?
The introduction says that the central powers are having a desire for discussing war and ideas for peace; wishing to speak to the representatives in a conference with regards to terms of peace. It is a way for agreement between the opponents and the siders. Well the causes were the formation of alliance and not giving any chance for compromise, and too rushy. The minority parties, that military and imperialistic minority which has so far dominated their whole policy and controlled, and intrusion the affairs of Turkey and of the Balkan states.
  • What does Wilson suggest was the reason for American entry into the war?
Their reason is to bring a sort of peace and a processes that help, and to make it possible for every nation whose purposes are consistent with justice and the peace of the world to or at any other time the objects it has in view. They claim to be the ones to be helping bringing the peace back to the world. He is seeing that they are not getting involved for themselves but because they feel obliged to.
  • How would you summarize the main objectives of the 14 Points?

It talks about No more secret agreements ("Open covenants openly arrived at"), Free navigation of all seas. An end to all economic barriers between countries. Countries to reduce weapon numbers. All decisions regarding the colonies should be impartial The German Army is to be removed fromRussia. Russia should be left to developed her own political set-up. Belgium should be independent like before the war.France should be fully liberated and allowed to recover Alsace-Lorraine. All Italians are to be allowed to live in Italy. Italy's borders are to "along clearly recognizable lines of nationality." Self-determination should be allowed for all those living in Austria-Hungary. And Self-determination and guarantees of independence should be allowed for
the Balkan states.

  • How might the colonies of Britain and France react to the 14 points?
This will definitely upset the British and French because they are happy to be in power over the others problems and issues. They wanted to get involved to be same from any struggles that is why they formed alliances to keep what they believe to be natural right and possession. But they do satisfy everyone's problems if considered a compromise. He unsuccessfully wanted an immediate return to peace when it is more complicated then that.

India
Border Changes in Middle East
Africa