Collapse of classical Period


1.1 Notes in details for collapse of China, Greece, and Indian civilizations




1.2 Notes on Christianity and Buddhism

The Religious Map

Religion rise produced deep rifts.
The Byzantine Empire was a product of late imperial Rome under emperor Justinian produced a culture of his own.
Christianity born two centuries before Rome’s collapse.
Buddhism saw its surge into eastern Asia furthered by growing problems in China.
Buddhism evolved further as the idea of afterlife proved to be unavoidable, the East Asia called Mahayana, increasing the emphasis of Buddha being a divine savior becoming a holy god.
It had a impact on women in China, disturbing china’s patriarchal belief, believing that women like men had souls, giving them meaning to their life.
More importantly, Buddhism was seen as a threat to distributing people from being loyal to the emperor.
Daoism and Confucianism both attacked Buddhism beliefs, because it was diversified in terms of political beliefs.
Christianity came to put more emphasis on church organization and structure, missionary activities and widespread conversions.
Its message was spreading demonstrating immense spiritual power and developed a solid organization.
Mystical holy men and women were disciplined through institution of monastery among Italian peasants whom he lured away from the sun god Apollo under Benedict.
Its popular belief that salvation and satisfying rituals continued to draw the poor.
Also worship of men and women together, appealed to both genders.
Monasticism played a valuable role in preserving classical Christian learning.
It was a world religion that with faith of unusual durability and drawing power whose complexity wins the devotion of many different people.

The decline of classical civilization saw a rapid expansion of Buddhism and Christianity.
Islam surfaced and became the most dynamic force in the world history during the next several centuries.
All expanding religions shared some general features emphasized intense devotion and piety. All three offered the hope of a better existence and life ends.
A doctrine of Bodhisattvas developed that through meditations is the key in addition to others by prayers.

Also Islam, Arab armies fighting for their religion, Hindu’s reaction was to strengthen emphasis on religion.
Arabs took control of Indian oceans seeing its dynamics fall apart.

Major religions had fierce hatred their overall currents were run through crossing political and cultural borders and integration plus contact by the classical civilizations.

The new religions spurred greater interest in spiritual matters to focus on single basis instead of multiple gods, reducing animism in much of Asia and Europe.